Tag:hydrogen sulfide removal

№1|2024

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

UDC 628.52:66.074.51
DOI 10.35776/VST.2024.01.01

Vasiliak L. M., Sobur Denis, Strelkov A. K.

The use of chemical scrubbers to eliminate odors
at the wastewater treatment facilities

Summary

The potential and features of using chemical scrubbers to remove from the air hydrogen sulfide and other malodorous substances generated during the transportation and treatment of wastewater are considered. A comparative analysis of the characteristics of various types of scrubbers: alkaline, hypochlorite, peroxide, and based on iron compounds is presented. It has been shown that the use of chemical scrubbers to eliminate malodorous substances at the wastewater treatment facilities has a number of significant limitations. The use of chemical scrubbers is advisable at the primary stage of air cleaning. Relatively low concentrations of hydrogen sulfide in the ventilation emissions of the wastewater treatment facilities at the relatively high concentrations of carbon dioxide result in an increase in the consumption of chemicals for second-order chemical reactions. In this case, significant operating and capital costs in the climatic conditions of Russia, except the southern regions, the operation complexity of the equipment, and the need for additional air cleaning using other methods should take into account.

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№12|2021

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

DOI 10.35776/VST.2021.12.02
UDC 628.52:537.523

Vasiliak L. M., Koudryavtsev N. N., SMIRNOV A. D.

Efficiency of gas discharge methods for odor control in municipal wastewater transportation and treatment systems

Summary

In the process of wastewater transportation and treatment malodorous substances are released into the air; among them hydrogen sulfide being one of the most difficult to remove. Various methods are used to remove malodorous substances from the air, including gas-discharge (plasma, ionization) methods that have proven remarkably effective in other industries. Vent emissions generated during wastewater treatment are specified by high humidity, high concentration of hydrogen sulfide, potential explosion hazard. These properties limit the possible use of gas discharge methods for the purification of this type of vent emissions. The specificity of applying gas discharge methods for air purification at the wastewater treatment facilities and wastewater pumping stations is described. The arising technical difficulties are presented.

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