bbk 000000

UDC 628.16.065.2


Removal of ammonia nitrogen from surface water source
with the use of powdered zeolite


During flood periods increased concentrations of ammonia nitrogen in river water to 2–2.5 maximum permissible concentration are recorded at the Kirov water treatment plant. The assessment of possible use of powdered clinoptilolit containing zeolites in the existing water treatment process flow scheme to eliminate ammonium ions from natural water is given. The tests were carried out with the Viatka river water. After zeolite powder dosage of 0.1–1.3 mg/l addition into the water and 30 minutes mixing (200 rpm) slick was formed. During sedimentation a part of zeolite powder settled for 2–3 hours; however high turbidity remained for 24 hours. After adding 10 mg/l dosage of coagulant (aluminium sulfate) (as Al2O3) and Praestol 650TR flocculant complete precipitation of big flocks was achieved within 5–15 minutes. The ion-exchange capacity of powdered zeolite specimen – from 1.35 to 2.25 (as ammonia nitrogen) was determined. The highest ion-exchange capacity was recorded for Sokirnit natural zeolite (0.06–0.1 mm particle size). It was proved that ammonium ions exchange capacity depends on the concentration of clinoptilolit in the material (its concentration can change in the process of natural zeolite disintegrating and fractionating). The first pilot line of the plant with a capacity of 58 thousand m3 of water per day that provided for reducing ammonia nitrogen concentration to the level lower than MPC (2 mg/l) was assembled and tested at the Kirov water treatment plant.

Key words

, , , ,

The further text is accessible on a paid subscription.
For authorisation enter the login/password.
Or subscribe


  1. Orlov V. A. Ozonirovanie vody [Ozonation of water]. Moscow, Stroiizdat Publ., 1984, pp. 16–18. (In Russian).
  2. Bischof H., Hofl C., Schonweitz C., Sigl G., Wimmer B., Wabner D. UV-activated hydrogen peroxide for ground and drinking water treatment. Developing of a technical process: Regional Conference on Ozone, Ultraviolet Light, Advanced Oxidation Processes in Water Treatment. Amsterdam, Netherlands, September 24–26, 1996, pp. 117–131.
  3. Poliakov V. E., Tarasevich Iu. I., Medvedev M. I., Rozenfel’d A. L., Smirnov O. P. Ionoobmennaia sorbtsiia ammoniia i kaliia klinoptilolitom i razrabotka tekhnologii ikh izvlecheniia iz stochnykh vod [Ion exchange sorption of ammonium and potassium by clinoptilolit and development of the technology of their removal from wastewater]. Khimiia i Tekhnologiia Vody, 1979, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 19–24. (In Russian).
  4. Ershov A. V., Iaremenko L. V., Lebeda L. V., Alekberova V. V. Ochistka gorodskikh stochnykh vod ot ammoniinogo azota klinoptilolitovoi porodoi Zakarpat’ia [Removing ammonia nitrogen from wastewater with the use of clinoptilolit rock from Zakarpatie]. Khimiia i Tekhnologiia Vody, 1984, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 71–74. (In Russian).
  5. Ershova A. T., Kirpichenko E. N., Mikhailov V. I. Ispol’zovanie klinoptilolita Kholinskogo mestorozhdeniia dlia udaleniia ionov ammoniia iz tekhnogennykh vod [The use of clinoptilolit from Kholinsk deposit for the removal of ammonium ions from technogenic waters]. Khimiia i Tekhnologiia Vody, 1991, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 65–67. (In Russian).
  6. Perechen’ materialov, reagentov i malogabaritnykh ochistnykh ustroistv, razreshennykh Gosudarstvennym komitetom sanitarno-epidemiologicheskogo nadzora RF dlia primeneniia v praktike khoziaistvenno-pit’evogo vodosnabzheniia [List of materials, chemicals and small treatment units released by the RF State Committee on disease control for use in domestic water supply]. Approved on October 23, 1992, no. 01-19/32-11. (In Russian).
  7. Lobanov R. Tseolity protiv azota [Zeolites against nitrogen]. VodaMagazine, 2012, no. 8 (60), pp. 4–5. (In Russian).

vstmag engfree 200x100 2

myproject msk ru

ЭТ 2024 200х200px V2

souz ingenerov 02

raww ru zng 2023 200х300

Water Week 200x200 gif ru foreign 2