DOI 10.35776/MNP.2020.07.08
UDC 628.311:556.164

Volkov Sergei, Zhitenev A. I., Kurganov Iu. A., Kostenko I. G., IGNATCHIK V. S., Ignatchik S. Iu., Kuznetsova N. V., Seniukovich Mikhail

Substantiation of the method for estimating the climatic parameters of rain showers by the data of the precipitation gauge system (for the discussion)


The standard procedure of the hydraulic calculation of surface runoff disposal systems, given in CP 32.13330.2018 «Sewerage. External networks and structures», is implemented within the framework of the method of limiting intensities developed about 100 years ago by Professor P. F. Gorbachev, based on the «theory of rain showers», that was subsequently improved. Herewith the rated parameters of rains determined by the results of many years of observations several years ago were used as initial data. Due to climate change, the need for updating local climate constants is obvious; however, this cannot be implemented in each region due to the lack of self-recording rain gauges or due to the small amount of information accumulated. Using the example of St. Petersburg, an experimental substantiation of the method for accelerated estimation of the climatic parameters of rain showers according by the data of a system of 34 precipitation gauges was carried out. It is established that the revealed rainfall patterns over 5 years do not contradict the classical theory. Moreover, in the interval of periods of a single excess of p > 10 years, their validity is the highest compared to other methods due to a more representative sample.

Key words

, , , ,

The further text is accessible on a paid subscription.
For authorisation enter the login/password.
Or subscribe


  1. Gorbachev P. F. Metody rascheta livnevogo stoka [Methods of calculating storm runoff. Moscow, «Vlast’ Sovetov» Publishers’ under the VTsIK Presidium, 1937. 167 p.].
  2. Zak G. L. Gidravlicheskie osnovy rascheta kanalizatsionnykh setei [Hydraulic basics of designing sewer networks. Moscow-Leningrad, Chief editorial board of construction literature, 1935. 173 p.].
  3. Belov N. N. Raschet dozhdevoi kanalizatsionnoi seti [Calculation of a storm sewer. Moscow, NKVD Publishers’, 1931, 64 p.].
  4. Nadysev V. S. Raschet dozhdevoi i obshchesplavnoi kanalizatsii po metodu «criticheskikh prilivnykh ploshchadei» [Calculation of a storm sewer and a combined sewer system by the method of «critical tidal areas». Leningrad, Gosvodokanalproekt, 1949. 95 p.].
  5. Molokov M. V., Shigorin G. G. Dozhdevaia i obshchesplavnaia kanalizatsiia. [Storm and combined sewer systems. Мoscow, RSFSR Public Utilities Ministry Publishers’, 1954. 241 p.].
  6. Shvetsov E. D. Naruzhnye vodostoki [Rainwater pipes. Moscow-Leningrad, Gosstroiizdat, 1934. 130 p.].
  7. Kurganov A. M. Tablitsy parametrov predel’noi intensivnosti dozhdia dlia opredeleniia raskhodov v sistemakh vodootvedeniia: spravochnoe posobie [Tables of parameters of the maximum rain intensity for determining the costs in wastewater disposal systems: a reference guide. Мoscow, Stroiizdat, 1984. 111 p.].
  8. Alekseev M. I., Kurganov A. M. Organizatsiia otvedeniia poverkhnostnogo (dozhdevogo i talogo) stoka s urbanizirovannykh territorii: uchebnoe posobie [Establishing removal of surface (rain and melt) runoff from urban areas: a training manual. Мoscow, ASV Publishers’; Saint-Petersburg, SPbGASU, 2000. 352 p.].
  9. Alekseev G. A. [An objective method of alignment and normalization of correlation relationships]. Metrologiia i Gidrologiia, 1969, no. 11, pp. 56–68. (In Russian).
  10. Vereshchagina L. M. [On the need for revising the Code of Practice CP 32.13330.2018 «Sewerage. Pipelines and wastewater treatment plants» regarding the design of systems for the disposal and treatment of surface runoff from settlements]. Vodosnabzhenie i Sanitarnaia Tekhnika, 2020, no. 6, pp. 14–20. (In Russian).
  11. Alekseev G. A. [Objective statistical methods for calculating and summarizing the parameters of maximum rainfall. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Floods and Their Calculations]. Leningrad, Gidrometeoizdat, 1967, pp. 114–128. (In Russian).
  12. Dikarevskii V. S., Kurganov A. M., Nechaev A. P., Alekseev M. I. Otvedenie i ochistka poverkhnostnykh stochnykh vod: Uchebnoe posobie dlia vuzov [Surface runoff removal and treatment: A textbook for high schools. Leningrad, Stroiizdat, 1990. 224 p.].
  13. Karmazinov F. V., Zhitenev A. I., Shunto I. P., Kuz’min V. A., Kostenko I. G., Martiugin V. A., Pulin O. V., Ignatchik V. S., Ignatchik S. Iu., Kuznetsova N. V., Fes’kova A. Ia. [Specific features of hydraulic mode simulation for combined sewers]. Vodosnabzhenie i Sanitarnaia Tekhnika, 2018, no. 11, pp. 12–18. (In Russian).
  14. Karmazinov F. V., Zhitenev A. I., Shunto I. P., Kuz’min V. A., Spivakov M. A., Pulin O. V., Ignatchik V. S., Ignatchik S. Iu., Kuznetsova N. V. [The use of stochastic methods in determining the required capacity of regulating units in combined sewers]. Vodosnabzhenie i Sanitarnaia Tekhnika, 2018, no. 11, pp. 4–11. (In Russian).
  15. Ignatchik S. Iu., Kuznetsova N. V., Fes’kova A. Ia., Seniukovich M. A. [The results of studying pressure regimes of sewers]. Voda i Ekologiia: Problemy i Resheniia, 2019, no. 4 (80), pp. 88–95. (In Russian).
  16. Serebritskii I. A. [The experience of Saint-Petersburg in managing the adaptation to climate change and mitigation of the anthropogenic impact on the climatic system]. URL: http://www.infoeco.ru/index.php?id=8780 (accessed June 29,2020). (In Russian).
  17. Pavlovskii A. A. [On storm flooding of some areas in Saint-Petersburg with the current climate change]. Obshchestvo. Sreda. Razvitie, 2013, is. 2, pp. 251–256. (In Russian).

vstmag engfree 200x100 2

Баннер конференции для ВСТ 2023 Ялта 200х200

tv200 200

RAWW 200x200

ecwatech2023 vst200

Wasma23 200x100 stand

myproject msk ru

Российская ассоциация водоснабжения и водоотведения

souz ingenerov 02