UDC 628.16.066.1:628.164-92
DOI 10.35776/VST.2023.08.01

Bobinkin V. V., Vukolov Oleg, Gizzatullin Artur, Kasatochkin A. S., Kostylev Evgenii, Larionov S. Iu., Oliunin Sergei, Panteleev Aleksei, Riabchikov Boris, Савочкин А. Ю., Shilov Mikhail

Industrial horizontal intensified clarifier for water
softening/decarbonization by liming


Chemical softening methods have been widely used in the water treatment practice. As shown in the previous review, the chemistry of the process has remained unchanged over the past 100 years; however, the instrumentation of the process has changed. This equates to significantly increase the capacity and efficiency of the devices. Research work has been carried out on designing domestic intensified apparatus for softening/decarbonization of water by liming; and their introduction into industrial practice has started. Studies of the developed version of the multi-chamber horizontal clarifier with liming of Aquafloc type were carried out. The boundary parameters of the process of water liming with coagulation with iron salts were determined. It was established that the improved mixing, acceleration of chemical reactions and recirculation of carbonate sludge (seed) provide for the optimization of the sedimentation process to reduce the coagulant consumption and significantly improve the sludge characteristics. Essential advantages of the clarifier are as follows: smaller dimensions and metal consumption compared to classical clarifiers, as well as a short time to reach the operating mode. Thereby, an Aquafloc clarifier can be delivered to the site ready assembled, ready-to-use and with anti-corrosion protection that significantly reduces the time and cost of assembling at the facility. The concentration of dry matter in sludge reaches 8%. In comparison with the existing VTI-630 clarifiers, Aquafloc clarifier showed similar results in terms of chemical parameters and the best in terms of the concentration of suspended solids. In terms of water consumption for own needs, the clarifier turned out to be at the level of VTI apparatus that have a total blowdown volume of 2–4%.

Key words

, , , , , , , ,

For citation: Bobinkin V. V., Vukolov O. V., Gizzatullin A. Z., Kasatochkin A. S., Kostylev E. P., Larionov S. Iu., Oliunin S. Iu., Panteleev A. A., Riabchikov B. E., Savochkin A. Iu., Shilov M. M. Industrial horizontal intensified clarifier for water softening/ decarbonization by liming. Vodosnabzhenie i Sanitarnaia Tekhnika, 2023, no. 8, pp. 4–15. DOI: 10.35776/VST.2023.08.01. (In Russian).

The further text is accessible on a paid subscription.
For authorisation enter the login/password.
Or subscribe


  1. Riabchikov B. E., Panteleev A. A., Larionov S. Iu., Savochkin A. Iu., Shilov M. M., Kasatochkin A. S. [Current state of the development of installations for water softening/decarbonization by liming]. Vodosnabzhenie i Sanitarnaia Tekhnika, 2023, no. 1, pp. 24–35. DOI: 10.35776/VST.2023.01.04. (In Russian).
  2. Riabchikov B. E. Protsessy i apparaty sovremennoi vodopodgotovki [Processes and apparatus for the modern water treatment. Moscow, TD DeLi Publ., 2023, 403 p.].
  3. Savochkin A. Iu., Kasatochkin A. S., Panteleev A. A., Riabchikov B. E., Larionov S. Iu. [Designing horizontal clarifiers and studying the efficiency of the water liming process]. Vodosnabzhenie i Sanitarnaia Tekhnika, 2023, no. 3, pp. 21–28. DOI: 10.35776/VST.2023.03.03. (In Russian).
  4. Riabchikov B. E., Panteleev A. A., Larionov S. Iu., Zhadan A. V., Shilov M. M. Savochkin A. Iu., Kasatochkin A. S. [Pat. 215253, RF. IPC C02F 1/52. High-speed horizontal liming clarifier with sludge recirculation for softening and decarbonization of natural water]. Izobreteniia. Poleznye Modeli, 2022, no. 24. (In Russian).
  5. Belan F. I. Vodopodgotovka [Water treatment. Moscow, State Energy Publishing House, 1963, 319 p.].
  6. Kopylov A. S., Lavygin V. M., Ochkov V. F. Vodopodgotovka v energetike [Water treatment in power industry. Moscow, MEI Publ., 2003, 310 p.].
  7. Ochkov V. F. [Programmed calculation of liming and water coagulation]. Vodoochistka. Vodopodgotovka. Vodosnabzhenie, 2009, no. 7, pp. 41–46. (In Russian).

Banner Oct 2024

myproject msk ru

Баннер конференции г. Пятигорск

souz ingenerov 02

Aquatherm 200x200 gif ru foreign

ata 200x100ru