Tag:designing

№1|2022

DESIGNING WASTEWATER SYSTEMS

DOI 10.35776/VST.2022.01.07
UDC 628.24

Ten A. E.

Analysis of methods for hydraulic calculation of surface runoff disposal systems

Summary

In the context of the improvement of advanced domestic and international technologies, materials and treatment equipment used to protect the environment from anthropogenic pollution, designing new systems for the removal and treatment of surface runoff and methods for their calculation that involve the latest achievements of the sectoral science and technology and optimization of the algorithm for performing operations and practical techniques for their hydraulic calculation, is of special actuality. Currently, domestic and international companies have entered the Russian market offering innovative designs of surface runoff disposal systems that have a wide range of applications owing to their design, operational features and the ability to withstand heavy loads. An example of such an innovative design of an open surface runoff disposal systems is ASO Qmax system. The analysis of international and domestic approaches to the hydraulic calculation of surface runoff disposal systems, of the possibility of their adaptation to the Russian conditions is presented.

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№2|2024

BEST AVAILABLE TECHNOLOGIES

UDC 628.2/.3:006.057
DOI 10.35776/VST.2024.02.05

Samburski Georgi, Pogorelyi Anton, Leont’eva S. V., Nikitina Svetlana

Aspects of designing wastewater treatment facilities in terms of the BAT process indicators: priorities and consequences

Summary

Switching to the concept of the technological regulation occurs simultaneously with implementing a number of federal environmental projects including those included in the Ecology National Project. Considering that water utilities, through the spectacle of Rosprirodnadzor are among the main polluters of water bodies, the construction of new and upgrade of the existing treatment facilities is the focus of public authorities, regulators and, naturally, the wastewater facilities operators themselves. The paper considers potential and possible inconsistencies of the current design expectations based on the technological indicators of the best available technologies and the very concept of using the best available technologies that does not imply stasis but the development and consistent tightening of those same technological indicators.

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№12|2023

LAWS, STANDARDS, NORMATIVES

UDC 628.2:006.034/.053
DOI 10.35776/VST.2023.12.01

Danilovich Dmitrii

By the basic technical solutions GOST 70953-2023 is a new tool for improving the quality of wastewater treatment facilities projects

Summary

The problems that arise while designing wastewater treatment facilities are described. The goals and objectives are given of developing GOST 70953-2023 «Wastewater treatment facilities. Construction and reconstruction. Basic technical solutions. Requirements for the development, structure and content in order to ensure the optimal capital costs and operational performance», that will come into force in 2024. The fundamentals of the concept of this standard, its basic definitions, and advantages in relation to the practice of designing wastewater treatment facilities that prevailed prior to the standardization are outlined. A brief summary of the main sections of GOST is given, in particular, the requirements for the composition of the main technical solutions, the report on their development and the approvals package.

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№10|2022

WASTEWATER TREATMENT

DOI 10.35776/VST.2022.10.07
UDC 628.292

Razakov M. A.

Study of the thermal stress of the engine room of a municipal wastewater pumping station

Summary

The results of a study of the thermal stress of the engine room of a municipal wastewater pumping station in the cold period are presented. The main sources of heat and cold and their degree of impact on the thermal stress of the engine room are considered. The results of modeling heat inputs into the engine room from various heat sources located at the different functional levels of the room are presented. The thermal model takes into account the specific features of the technological process of a high-voltage wastewater pumping station, as well as space-planning solutions for the building under consideration in stationary thermal conditions. The calculation was carried out at a constant wastewater temperature assumed equal +25°C. For the first time, it was determined and proved that the machine room of a high-voltage wastewater pumping station can be classified as a room with high thermal stress.

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№7|2014

anniversary

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UDC 628.1/.3.001.2

Pupyrev E. I.

The 75th anniversary of MosvodokanalNIIproject

Summary

The wide range of activities and many years’ experience of the «MosvodokanalNIIproject» OJSC team in the field of designing public utilities provide for the successful implementation of the tasks of creating the comfortable urban environment for the Moscow citizens and maximum improving the public services according to the plans of the megacity development and reconstruction. Upon the projects of the «MosvodokanalNIIproject» Institute all the Moscow water treatment plants and wastewater treatment facilities, water and wastewater pumping stations, as well as the main facilities for solid waste management have been built. Besides, upon the projects of the Institute the system of the facilities for mel­ting and disposal of snow removed from the city mains has been built. The specialists of the Institute are designing general schemes for water supply, wastewater disposal and sanitation facilities for many Russian and CIS regions. The main line of research is ensuring the integrity and environmental safety of the municipal engineering life support systems, inclu­ding water treatment improvement, development of regulatory and guidance documents, inspection of water bodies and urban areas. The information on the «MosvodokanalNIIproject» OJSC activities in the field of designing the engineering systems of the public utilities in recent times is presented.

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№8|2019

LAWS, STANDARDS, NORMATIVES

DOI 10.35776/MNP.2019.08.08

UDC 006.3:628.1

Pavlinova I. I.

Regulatory and legal framework in the field of water supply and sanitation

Summary

At present the approach to the process of developing a new regulatory framework and product quality control has been essentially changed. «MosvodokanalNIIproject» JSC already 80 years has been designing water supply and sanitation systems with the use of the RF regulatory and legal framework. Aside from designing the Institute has been well experienced in developing regulatory documents (sanitary norms and rules, codes of practice etc.). The analysis of the regulatory and legal framework conducted in the field of designing, constructing and operating water supply and sanitation systems shows that this matter has been settled at the federal level; however, at the regional level its in-depth analysis is needed. Every so often improvement and, in some cases, revision of the approved key documents is required. Avoiding shortfalls in the regulatory framework is possible only with the careful analysis of the technical and technological solutions involving a wide range of experts and with the correct amendments to the effective regulatory and legal acts.

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№7|2011

PROBLEMS, PERSPECTIVES

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UDC 628.1/.2.001.2

Pupyrev E. I.

Features of Designing of Water Supply and Wastewater Disposal Systems in Russia

Summary

Modernization of water supply and wastewater disposal systems in Russia did not become a nation-wide problem. The Pure Water Program for realization of which 9 milliard roubles were allocated for 3 years after long discussions essentially failed. Development and modernization of regional systems of water supply and wastewater disposal are executed at the expense of own and borrowed funds of the operators of the water branch. It determines the specificity of designing of systems in Russia.

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№2|2024

LAWS, STANDARDS, NORMATIVES

UDC 628.2/.4:006.3:349.6
DOI 10.35776/VST.2024.02.04

Pavlinova I. I., Primin Oleg

Meeting the legislative regulations and rules while designing, building and operating water supply and wastewater disposal systems (for discussion)

Summary

The main aspects of amendments to the legislative and regulatory documents in the construction industry are considered, including the consideration of the developed regulatory documents by the relevant authorities before being approved by the Russian Ministry of Construction, as well as difficulties in the gradual transition to the parametric standardization. The problems of the regulatory framework in the field of designing the facilities for surface runoff removal and treatment are considered. Proposals for revising the Water Code of the Russian Federation with the introduction of environmental standards for the quality of surface waters and standards for the permissible impact of economic or other activities on water bodies are outlined and supported – to develop them on the basis of the water quality standards in accordance with the requirements of the current environmental legislation. To improve the quality of design documentation, imposing control over the professional training of designers with mandatory proficiency testing in accordance with the occupational standards is proposed. Further updating the system of regulatory documents in the field of design, construction and operation of water supply and wastewater disposal systems, using the current structure of the regulatory framework is also proposed.

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№6|2010

PROBLEMS, PERSPECTIVES

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UDC 628.16.001.57

Galkin Iurii

Technological Model of Compound Systems of Water Management at Industrial Enterprises and Complexes

Summary

A technological model has been developed; a mathematical formulation of compound systems of water management at industrial enterprises and complexes has been proposed. The model represents systems of equations reflecting a non-stationary and stationary condition of the system operation. The model is used by the ECO-PROJECT scientific-design firm during the study and development of principal decisions of step-by-step reconstruction of the enterprises’ water management systems and in the course of designing. It can be also useful for the management, audit and ecological control of water management of industrial enterprises.

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